Background: Tricuspid valve regurgitation may affect the outcomes after heart transplantation. There is a paucity of data reporting the outcomes of heart transplants in our region. The objectives of this study were to report the occurrence of tricuspid regurgitation after heart transplantation, its course, and its effect on survival.

Methods: From 2009 to 2019, 30 patients had heart transplantation at our cardiac center. Their age was 36.73± 13.5 years, and 25 (83.33%) were males. Indications for transplantation were dilated cardiomyopathy (n= 21; 72.41%), ischemic cardiomyopathy (n= 8; 26.67%) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (n=1; 3.45%). Cardiopulmonary bypass time was 157.24± 34.6 minutes, and ischemic time was 138± 73.56 minutes. All patients had orthotopic heart transplantation with a bi-caval technique.

Results: Eleven patients had severe tricuspid regurgitation postoperatively (37%). The degree of tricuspid regurgitation decreased significantly after 6 months (p= 0.011) and remained stationary during the follow-up. Pre-transplant dilated cardiomyopathy was significantly associated with severe tricuspid regurgitation post-transplant (p= 0.017). The mean follow-up was 39.43± 50.57 months. Survival at 10 years was 90% in patients with less than moderate tricuspid regurgitation postoperatively compared to 43% for patients with moderate and severe tricuspid regurgitation (log-rank p= 0.0498).

Conclusion: Tricuspid regurgitation is a common problem after heart transplantation. Despite the improvement of the degree of tricuspid regurgitation after 6 months, survival was negatively affected by postoperative moderate or severe tricuspid regurgitation. Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy may benefit from concomitant tricuspid valve repair at the time of heart transplantation. Further larger studies are warranted.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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