Objectives: Patients with right ventricular (RV) infarctions associated with inferior infarctions have higher rates of adverse events than isolated inferior infarctions. Right atrial volume index (RAVI) has recently been described as a predictor of clinical outcome in patients with chronic systolic heart failure and pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study is to assess the ability of RAVI to predict the persistent RV dysfunction after acute inferior STEMI due to occlusion of proximal RCA. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the relation between RAVI and persistent RV dysfunction in such group of patients.

Patients and Methods: Sixty-five consecutive patients with recent first acute inferior STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) were prospectively included in the study. Echocardiographic evaluation was performed at the time of discharge and at 3 months. All the patients underwent standard echocardiographic assessment using conventional 2D and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI).

Results: Patients were divided into two groups according to right ventricular function (RVF) 3 months after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The normal RVF group included 41 (63%) patients and the impaired RVF group included 24 (37%) patients. RAVI was significantly higher in patients with impaired RVF (p=2 had a 87.5% sensitivity, a 92.24% specificity area under Receiving operator characteristics (ROC) curve= 0.964 for predicting persistently impaired RVF.

Conclusion: In patients with inferior STEMI with proximal RCA occlusion, RAVI is an independent predictor of persistently impaired RVF with a cut-off value ≥30ml/m2.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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