Background: The relationship between glycemic control and the risk of cardiac disease in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is controversial. 1,5-Anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) is a biomarker of Glucose Variability (GV) and has been associated with clinical cardiovascular disease. However, its association with Subclinical Cardiac Disease (SCD) is unknown. Aim of the work: Study the association between GV and SCD. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 46 asymptomatic patients with T2DM as T2DM individuals group. Another 46 non-diabetic age and sex matched subjects were included as the healthy group. 1,5-AG was measured for all subjects. M-mode echocardiography in parasternal long axis view was used to measure Left Ventricular (LV) end diastolic dimension, LV end systolic dimension, ejection fraction, interventricular septum, LV posterior wall thickness, LV fractional shortening, left atrial dimension and aortic root dimension. Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS) was assessed by speckled tracking echocardiography. Results: There were no significant differences between both groups as regarding age, sex, BMI, AST, ALT, and serum creatinine. 1,5-AG was lower in T2DM individuals group. As regarding the echo parameters no significant difference found between both groups regarding left ventricular, left atrial and aortic root dimensions. T2DM individuals group showed a statistically significant higher mitral valve area, apical 2 chambers, apical 4 chambers, apical longitudinal axis and GLS. No correlation found between HbA1c and any echo parameters while 1,5-AG showed a significantly negative correlation with apical 2 chambers, apical 4 chambers, apical longitudinal axis and GLS. ROC curve analysis detected 1,5-AG less than 7.51 ng/ml as the best cut off value with sensitivity of 85.7%, specificity 75% to diagnose patients with T2DM and SCD. Conclusion: 1,5-AG might be used as an additional surrogate marker to identify patients with T2DM and SCD.
Shehab-Eldin, Walid; Al-ashmawy, Ahmed; Kamel, Mahmoud; Elhelbawy, Nesrin; Dawood, Alaaeldin; and Elnajjar, Mostafa
"The association of diurnal blood glucose variability with subclinical cardiac disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus,"
Journal of the Saudi Heart Association: Vol. 32
, Article 6.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.37616/2212-5043.1174
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