Background: The aim of the current study is to determine the safety of early discharge (ED) within 48 hours (h) for STelevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) and to define the criteria of low-risk patients that can be considered for ED. Methods: This is a single-center retrospective study that took place at Mohammed bin Khalifa Cardiac Centre in the Kingdom of Bahrain. 301 patients who underwent PPCI between January 2018 and March 2019 were included. Endpoints at 30 days follow-up comprised cardiac re-admission, cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Results: Of the 301 patients included in our study, 74 (24.5%) were discharged within 48 h (group 1) compared with 227 (75.5%) hospitalized for more than 48 h after PPCI (group 2) (<0.0001). In terms of baseline characteristics, group 2 had higher proportions of chronic kidney disease (P ¼ 0.051), mean HbA1c (P ¼ 0.016) and mean CPK (P < 0.0001) compared to their group 1 counterparts. The prevalence of anterior STEMI was twice as high among group 2 (P < 0.0001), with a significantly higher prevalence of left main stenting (P ¼ 0.025). Additionally, larger proportion of group 2 required inotropic therapy (P ¼ 0.031), oral anticoagulation (P ¼ 0.005) and had a significantly lower ejection fraction (LVEF) (P < 0.0001) with more procedural complications (P ¼ 0.005). LVEF exerts a large effect on ED, as reflected by a high deviance R2 ¼ 20.4%, and was able to correctly classify the subjects into their pertaining discharge group with an accuracy of 80.4%, a specificity of 82.7%, and a sensitivity of 71.2%. According to the fitted LVEF values using the logistic equation, each 1% increase in LVEF is associated with a 3.5% increase in the chance of ED. The two groups recorded fairly similar clinical outcomes at 30-day. Conclusion: Preserved LV systolic function is a good predictor of early and safe discharge after successful PPCI. The presented data support the practice of ED, with length of stay even shorter than current guidelines recommendation in selected low-risk patients.
Yousif, Nooraldaem; Chachar, Tarique S.; Subbramaniyam, Suddharsan; Vadgaonkar, Vinayak; and Noor, Husam A.
"Safety and feasibility of 48 h discharge after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention,"
Journal of the Saudi Heart Association: Vol. 33
, Article 8.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.37616/2212-5043.1242
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