Purpose: Although multiarterial grafting or bilateral mammary artery use is being increasingly emphasized for contemporary coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) practice, saphenous vein graft (SVG) still accounts for 80% of all CABG conduits (Park et al., 2020) . In India, both the individual and sequential saphenous grafting techniques are used arbitrarily, and there has not been a study that compares the mid-term patency of these two. This is specially relevant in view of smaller coronaries in Indians than the Caucasian counterparts. This study aims to compare the patency for on pump CABG's. Methods: In the present study, 323 patients underwent either sequential (group A, N ¼ 151 grafts, each graft having two anastomoses each) or individual (group B, N ¼ 344 grafts) saphenous vein CABG, between February 2014 and June 2017. The SVG anastomoses were created on obtuse marginal (OM1/OM2) and posterior descending artery (PDA). The graft patency of the vein grafts as well as the left internal mammary artery were assessed by serial coronary angiograms. Results: Results were evaluated at 6 months, 1, 2 and 3 years post operatively. Group A showed a higher graft patency at 3 years at 80.8%, and group B, 67.1% (P ¼ 0.002). Also, anastomoses on sequential conduits had overall better patency rates at three years (77.2% vs 67.2%, P ¼ 0.005). The groups showed similar results at one year post operatively. Conclusions: Sequential bypass grafts were associated with superior mid-term patency compared with individual grafts. These findings suggest the more favourable results of sequential bypass grafting to be attributed to the enhanced flow haemodynamics.
Joshi, Manoj M.; Paul, Saptarshi; Bhosle, Krishnarao N.; Nagre, Suraj W.; Parashi, Hrishikesh; Jadhao, Manish; Rawekar, Kunal; Ravikumar, Vignesh; Sawkar, Vishal; and Selwyn, Joshua A.
"Individual versus Sequential Saphenous Vein Grafts for On-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting – Does Smaller Coronaries in Indians Affect Graft Choice? - A Mid-Term Patency Comparison,"
Journal of the Saudi Heart Association: Vol. 33
, Article 2.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.37616/2212-5043.1245
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