Strategic Recommendations to Bridge the Gaps in Awareness, Diagnosis and Prevention of Heart Failure in the Middle East Region and Africa
Abstract Objective: With the increasing burden of heart failure (HF) in the Middle East Region and Africa (MEA), it is imperative to shift the focus to prevention and early detection of cardiovascular diseases. We present a broad consensus of the real-world challenges and strategic recommendations for optimising HF care in the MEA region. Method: To bridge the gaps in awareness, prevention, and diagnosis of HF, an assembly of experts from MEA shared their collective opinions on the urgent unmet needs. Results: Lack of awareness in the community, high prevalence of risk factors, poor accessibility and affordability of care and diagnostics are the major barriers for delayed or missed diagnosis of HF in MEA. Enhancing patient awareness, through digital or social media campaigns, alongside raising knowledge of healthcare providers and policymakers with training programmes, can pave the way for influencing policy decisions and implementation of robust HF programmes. Multicountry registries can foster development of guidelines factoring in local challenges and roadblocks for HF care. Region-specific guidelines including simplified diagnostic algorithms can provide a blueprint of care for early detection of atrisk patients and facilitate efficient referral, thus mitigating clinician “therapeutic inertia.” Multidisciplinary care teams and HF clinics with expanded role of nurses can streamline lifestyle modification and optimum control of dyslipidaemia, blood pressure, and glycaemia through guideline-recommended prevention therapies such as sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors—thus supporting pleiotropic effects in high-risk populations. Conclusion: Development of regional guidelines, enhancing awareness, leveraging digital technology, and commitment for adequate funding and reimbursement is pivotal for overcoming structural and health systemrelated barriers in the MEA region
Bennis, Ahmed; Ogola, Elijah N; Klug, Eric; Skouri, Hadi N.; Saffar, Hilal Bahjet Al; Ragy, Hany; AlGhalayini, Kamal Waheeb; Alhumood, Khaldoon A; Abdelhamid, Magdy; YILMAZ, Mehmet Birhan; Tabbalat, Ramzi; and Çavuşoğlu, Yüksel
"Strategic Recommendations to Bridge the Gaps in Awareness, Diagnosis and Prevention of Heart Failure in the Middle East Region and Africa,"
Journal of the Saudi Heart Association: Vol. 34
, Article 6.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.37616/2212-5043.1294
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