Objective: Worsening renal function (WRF) is a frequent finding in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and is a powerful independent prognostic factor for adverse outcomes. The link between abdominal congestion and worsening renal function in such patients is not yet fully addressed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of abdominal congestion in the early prediction of worsening renal function in hospitalized patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods: This was a prospective study that enrolled 100 patients with a diagnosis of ADHF and received intravenous diuretic therapy. Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), splenic Doppler impedance indices and serum prouroguanylin were measured on admission, 24 hours after admission and on discharge. Patients were then divided into 2 groups: those who developed WRF (WRF group), and those who did not (non-WRF group). Worsening renal function was defined as an increase in serum creatinine level ≥0.3 mg/dL above baseline admission value. Intrabdominal pressure was measured transvesically using standard Foley catheter. Splenic Doppler impedance indices (resistivity and pulsatility indices) were measured using splenic Doppler ultrasound. Results: Among recruited patients (age: 54.73 ±13.1 years, 72% are male), there was a significant decline in IAP (6.67 mmHg vs 8.36 mmHg, p = 0.001) and significant rise in splenic resistivity index (0.69 vs 0.67, p = 0.002) before discharge compared to admission values. The median level of serum prouroguanylin before discharge showed significant decline compared to admission level (29.2 vs 34.6 ng/L, p = 0.006). WRF developed in 37 (37%) patients.

Independent predictors of WRF during hospitalization were high splenic arterial resistivity index 24 hours after admission, high intra-abdominal pressure (≥ 8 mmHg) 24 hours after admission, and low LVEF on admission. Conclusion: In ADHF patients receiving diuretic therapy, transvesical measurement of intra-abdominal pressure and splenic resistivity index by splenic Doppler early after admission can help to identify patients at increased risk of WRF near discharge.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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